The Basics of Photography
Camera Basics

The Basics of Photography

To click compelling images, you need to know the functions of the DSLR camera. Photographs have the power to tell stories in a few seconds. To convey great heart touching messages. However, to create such photos, you need to know the fundamentals of the camera. Basic knowledge of photography will help you in avoiding silly mistakes and ruining a perfect image. 

Understand the exposure triangle

Many photographers, in the beginning, make a big mistake of avoiding the understanding of the three elements of exposure. It might seem hard to understand at start, but once you read more about it and use the elements in your practical life, you will find it simple. They are not as daunting as it sounds. Let us discuss the three elements of exposure in detail.

  • Aperture 

Photography is all about capturing life, and aperture helps you in capturing the right amount of light. If you don’t keep an eye on your aperture, then your pictures might seem under or overexposed. Aperture is the opening of your lenses. The formula is quite clear; if you are shooting in dark, then you require more light to get through your camera sensor. Hence, the opening of your aperture will be wide. If you are capturing photographs in the daytime, you might require your aperture (opening of your lenses) to be small. It also determines the depth of field. However, the tricky part here is f-number. F-number indicates the aperture size. Lower the F-number, wider the opening (aperture), and higher the F-number, then smaller will be the opening of the lenses. For example, if you are shooting in dark, then you might require lower F-number. 

Basics of Photography
  • Shutter speed. 

Shutter speeds determine how long the shutter of the camera will stay open for capturing the image. The longer it stays open, the more light will get through the camera’s sensors. It might lead to blur motion, which is not always bad. Some photographers give a blur motion effect to their photographs to make it more compelling. However, if you want to freeze movements like you want to capture a falling drop or a blooming flower, then fast shutter speed is required. You can use your tripod for better effects. 

  • ISO 

ISO is responsible for controlling the sensitivity of light. A low ISO indicates that the camera will be less sensitive to light, and a high ISO indicates that the camera will be more sensitive to light. ISO plays an essential role in the quality of the image. As the ISO increases, the quality of the image decreases. A high ISO might create noise in your photograph.  Understanding these three fundamentals can go a long way.

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