It might be difficult for beginners to understand what camera settings to use for capturing the best photos. However, there are no hard and fast rules when it comes to photography. You have set a camera according to the type of photos you are taking. The different environment has different camera settings. In this article, we will provide you the information that helps you in understanding the fundamentals of the camera.
- Camera shooting mode
There are four modes of the camera, which are auto-mode, aperture priority mode, shutter priority mode, and manual mode. In auto-mode, you have to do nothing, and your camera automatically adjusts the settings. You have no control over your camera. In aperture priority mode, the photographer can choose the aperture, and the camera will automatically select the shutter speed. Inversely in shutter priority mode, you can choose the shutter speed, and the camera will automatically select aperture. In manual mode, you do all the camera settings.
Auto-mode is simplest out of all, but it is the least recommended. However, if you are a beginner, then you can use aperture priority or shutter priority mode. Once you understand the settings well, then you can start using manual mode for the best effects.
- Metering mode
Your camera has a different metering mode like center-weighted metering, spot metering, and matrix/Evaluative metering. Don’t get confused; you can choose matrix/evaluative metering mode in most of the situations. This mode considers the whole scene and does an excellent job of exposing your subjects.
Aperture is the size of the opening of your camera so that the light can get through the camera’s sensor and create an image. You require to have a wide aperture in low-light and small aperture during day time. Aperture affects the sharpness and depth of field of the photograph. If you are shooting with a 35mm camera lens then f/1.8 is the widest aperture setting and f/5.6 its smallest aperture.
- Shutter speed
Shutter speeds determine how long the shutter stays open for capturing the image. The longer it stays open, the more light will gets through the camera sensor. Long aperture can create motion blur, which is not entirely a bad thing. Sometimes, the photographer uses the motion blur while shooting waterfalls and clouds. It gives a smooth effect. However, if you want to freeze movements and capture something like falling water drop, then use faster shutter speed. Here are some of the standard settings.
High ISO noise reduction: On
Image quality: Raw
Picture control/creative style/picture style: Standard
Long exposure noise reduction: On White balance: Auto